Depending on the chronicity and severity, childhood, physical, sexual, emotional abuse and/or neglect result in significant risk to both our mental and physical health.  Read More »

Anger Management

Anger is often derided, yet it is an emotion indicating distress just as anxiety is. The roots are often in toxic experiences in early childhood. For that reason it is chronic and can take a lengthy time to reduce.  Read More »

Anxiety Disorders

– Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD)

Generalised anxiety disorder is characterised by worry so severe that it can result in panic attacks. Read More »

– Panic Disorder

Panic attacks occur when our anxiety reaches a very high level. It may seem that they ‘come out of the blue’ which can be very frightening but they rarely if ever do.  Although they are benign, simply anxiety symptoms, panic disorder is when we become frightened of panic attacks and avoid being anywhere we might have one.  Read More »

– Phobias

Phobias occur when we become very frightened of an external object like a spider or a situation such as flying, heights etc. Read More »

– Social Anxiety

Social anxiety is a fear of being negatively evaluated by others in social or performance situations e.g., at work or at social occasions. It can become extremely anxiety provoking and result in panic attacks. Read More »

– Trauma / Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) – this is a set of symptoms we may get after a trauma. (A trauma is usually a threat to our life, serious injury or a sexual attack.) Read More »


Children and young people are our most loved and important investment. Yet they suffer a range of difficulties and disorders which, if untreated, may persist into adulthood. Read More »


Couples may have personality, intimacy, communication or sexual difficulties. Given that people are raised very differently and that they have different genetic traits, this is understandable. Read More »

Mood Disorders / Depression

People tend to fear depression but one in six of us will experience it. Researchers have discovered various ways in which to treat it, but remain unaware of all of the underlying causes.  Read More »

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder is characterised by obsessive thoughts that we know are irrational. e.g. of germs (which we attempt to reduce by hand washing), of causing harm to someone (when we may seek reassurance that we haven’t), hugely distressing thoughts…  Read More »


Self-confidence is one of the most important buffers against clinical disorders such as anxiety, depression, eating and other disorders. Read More »

Sexual Difficulties

These are under-researched and treated, yet we have found over the years that they can result in distress as great as panic, and mood as low as severe depression. Read More »


Anger is often derided, yet it is an emotion indicating distress just as anxiety is. The roots are often in toxic experiences in early childhood. Read More »


Excessive worry about a wide variety of things – including about the effects of worry on us – accompanied by muscle tension, over a period of at least six months characterises clinical worry. Read More »